In an effort to help ensure their products can be sold domestically, companies like Walmart and FedEx are moving more and more of their shipments to warehouses, which are far less likely to encounter regulatory issues than conventional shipping containers.
The goal is to cut costs, and make sure they have the most efficient methods of shipping.
The process is known as logistics.
But there’s a catch: many logistics warehouses are in low-income areas.
In an article in the Washington Post on Thursday, two researchers from Harvard and Princeton, along with other researchers, found that while many warehouses in low income areas do provide an alternative to trucking, it doesn’t necessarily provide the same quality of services.
In some cases, there are high barriers to entry for low-wage workers, and they often face discrimination in the workplace, the researchers found.
The Harvard/Princeton study was conducted using data from the United States Department of Labor and the U.S. Census Bureau.
The researchers analyzed data from 2016 and 2017, and compared the availability of warehouses and workers in the three cities where they conducted their analysis.
They found that many warehouses are located in poor areas, which makes it more difficult for low wage workers to access them.
“In the case of low- and moderate-income workers, the availability and the level of service that they need can vary,” the researchers wrote.
In fact, the lack of access and service for low and moderate wage workers can lead to discrimination.
“It is unclear how these workers would find work in these low-cost warehouses without access to transportation,” the authors wrote.
“These workers often lack transportation credentials or experience or have limited transportation options.”
The authors did note that while the lack and discrimination in availability and service might be a problem for low income workers, it is not a problem of the entire workforce.
While low wage jobs often have to be taken by other people, a lack of transportation can be a barrier to the jobs of lower-wage employees.
For example, a study from the National Employment Law Project found that workers without a driver’s license were more likely to be employed in warehouses, compared to workers who had a driver.
The lack of a driver also means that warehouses can’t be used as a primary job source.
“Low-wage warehouse workers who do not have a driver are more likely than those who do have a vehicle to have their transportation needs met at home or through a work-study program,” the study found.
“They also are less likely than low-skilled workers to be able to get paid at a wage level that meets their needs.”
The report also found that low-paid warehouse workers were less likely and less likely at times to be provided with transportation services.
For instance, while a driver typically provides transportation to warehouses for at least two hours, low-level warehouse workers typically don’t get transportation from home for two hours or more, according to the researchers.
The study also found some variation in service for lower-paid workers.
The low-pay workers were more than twice as likely as the middle-wage earners to be given a meal in a non-union warehouse, and the low-priced workers were nearly twice as often given a free meal.
“This suggests that lower-income warehouse workers, even if they are less than hourly workers, are not being provided the same level of care and service that middle-income people receive,” the report concluded.